Mesenchymal Stem Cell

MSCs) are multi-potent stem cells harboring multi-lineage differentiation potential and immunosuppressive properties that make MSCs an ideal candidate cell type for immunomodulation and regenerative medicine. They can change into variety of cell types, including bone, cartilage, muscle, nerve and many others. Scientists have developed proven methods for the expansion of placenta stem cells, allowing a potentially unlimited supply of this powerful resource. MSCs can be found in adipose, amnion, synovial fluid (SF), muscle, dermis, deciduous teeth and cord tissue (placenta).

What are Haemopoitic Stem Cells (HSCs) and Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs)
Source of HSC and MSC

Sources Bone Marrow Peripheral Blood Adipose (Fat) Tissue
Rich in Haemopoietic
Stem Cells
  • Regenerates Organ Tissue, the blood and immune system
  • Differentiates into red and white blood cells, and platelets
Rich in Mesenchymal
Stem Cells*
 ✓  ✗  ✓
  • Regenerates structural and connective tissues
  • Differentiates into bone, cartilage, fat, heart, liver, muscle and nerve tissues and have immunomodulatory functions that can “correct” an abnormal immune response

*The storage of Bone Marrow and Adipose (fat) tissue Mesenchymal Stem Cells is not licensed by the Ministry of Health and is provided only on a research/clinical trial basis.

Early Research

Some early research suggested that MSCs might also differentiate into many different types of cells that do not belong to the skeletal tissues, such as nerve cells, heart muscle cells, liver cells and endothelial cells, which form the inner layer of blood vessels. These results were not confirmed in later studies. In some cases, it appears that the MSCs might have fused together with existing specialized cells, leading to false conclusions about the ability of MSCs to produce certain cell types. In other cases, the results were an artificial effect caused by chemicals used to grow the cells in the lab.